In 2003 M. Corso et al.
University of Zurich
, Switzerland, published in
[M. Corso et al., Science 303, 217 (2004)]
the discovery of a new inorganic nanostructured two dimensional material, called nanomesh
nanomesh is composed of boron (B)
, which form
highly regular mesh after
high-temperature exposure of the clean rhodium
The nanomesh forms a full single BN layer, i.e. the nanomesh layer is only one atom thick, where pores are closer to the crystal surface than the wires
(see right image).
The formation of the nanomesh is a self-assembly
i.e. the organisation of the atoms is driven by the nature itself without any human intervention.
process is likely driven due to close but
different periodicities (lattice constants
of the BN
nanomesh and the
substrate and a site dependent BN-bonding to the substrate.
The boron nitride
nanomesh is stable towards air, vacuum and liquids, and it does not
decompose up to temperatures of at least 796C (1070 K).
In addition the BN
nanomesh can serve as a template
to organize molecules and clusters.
These characteristics promise interesting applications of the nanomesh in areas like
and data storage media
like hard drives